8 Words From India We Should Add to the English Language

Over the course of the last nine years in India, I’m somewhat ashamed to say that I can barely speak any of the local languages. To anyone that asks, I quickly point out that in Chennai at least, almost everyone speaks English to varying degrees of proficiency. In my office, amongst the marketing, sales and account management teams, the default language is English.


For that, I can thank the agitations of the early 1960s when the central Government of India wanted to impose Hindi as the national language across the country. The political parties in the south vehemently opposed the implementation of Hindi to conduct all official business and so the Dravidian movement was born.

In a big F-You to the central Government, English was selected as a second language taught in schools in the south over Hindi. The result? A population that is at ease talking to foreigners but will have great difficulty communicating to their fellow countrymen from the north of the country.

Indeed, take the company I work for. We have people from across India whose first languages are all different. The link language for the person from Mumbai, the person from Shillong and the person from Kerala is English.

Combined with my laziness, the absence of a pressing need and what my wife (who speaks four languages) has affectionately called my spectacular ineptitude at learning a new language, I’ve basically gotten by with a few keywords.

foreign language problems

Funnily enough, if you are sitting in England right now reading this, you probably don’t realize how much Indian languages have influenced the words that you use every day. Are you perhaps sitting in a bungalow, reading this in your pyjamas before you jump in the shower to shampoo your hair? Perhaps you’ve got a tab open on your browser and reading an article that an economics pundit has written about how the 1% are continuing to loot the economy or how the urban jungle is affecting the health of children. Bungalow, pyjamas, shampoo, pundit, loot, jungle. All Hindi words.

The diamond isn’t the only thing the British took from India.

chicken vindaloo - all the stuff you shouldn't eat

Chicken vindaloo? That originated in Goa and means let’s collect all the shit left over from the chicken that no one wants to eat, make it spicy as hell and then challenge some poor bastard to eat it as a test of his manliness after a night out on the tiles.

So it is that we’ve happily borrowed words and phrases from various Indian languages (there are over 120 of them) over the course of the last few centuries. I’m now tabling a proposal to add more words from various Indian languages to our everyday English vocabulary.

They are either better words for existing words, efficiently sum up something that would take a sentence to explain or add colour and description to our nouns.

1. Challo – literally “let’s go”

challo hindi word for let's go

Why use two words when one will do? Why go through the effort of making our tongue do gymnastics to go from a “ts” sound to a “gh” sound? This Hindi word, Challo, rolls right off the tongue and is a pleasure to say. If you have any problems with it just think of it as a “hello” with a “c”.

Wife: “Hey Pete, stop playing video games, we need to go to shopping for new cushions!”
Me: “Just five more minutes!”
Wife: “You said that 10 minutes ago!”
Me: “OK, challo.”

Me: “We’re going to be late for the Star Wars movie, come on!”
Me: “What? Challo!”
Wife: …

2. Moonji – It’s your face, silly

moonji tamil word for face

A Tamil word and means face. For me to discover the meaning of the word, the conversation went a little something like this with my wife:

Me: “I’m telling you that the British acquired the diamond via legitimate means!”
Wife: “Aragh! Your moonji! I can’t even look at you right now!”
Me: “I’m not a moonji! You’re a moonji!”
Wife: …

Moonji is now perhaps my second favourite word and I will be naming my next cat Moonji.

3. Chuddy Buddy – Your bestest friend ever

a chuddy buddy is your best friend ever

“Chuddies” is Hindi for underwear. “Look at that kid running around the street in his chuddies, he doesn’t care about anything, I wish I could be like that again.”

Your chuddy buddy is the person you used to run around the streets in your chuddies with. You would do everything together, nothing could tear you apart. Together you were going to conquer the world.

Me: “Have you seen M?”
Colleague: “No, he went off with his chuddy buddy for a smoke.”

She: “He doesn’t pay any attention to me any more.”
She’s Friend: “Yeah, but that’s how boys are, it happens in all relationships.”
She: “But all he seems to want to do is roam around on his motorbike with his chuddy buddies.”

4. Pavam – a label applied to someone who is seen as helpless or someone you feel sorry for

pavam is to feel sorry for someone

This is a Tamil word that doesn’t seem to have an English translation. Meek comes close, but doesn’t quite sum it up. Just like you might rate a person’s qualities as aggressive, courageous or sincere, pavam can be used to describe a quality that is either thrust upon the person or something that they are just born with. The only way to define it is to describe it.

Me: “Oh look, puppies! ️”
Wife: “Eeee! So many of them! But they are all trying to feed at once, poor mama dog, she can’t move, she’s so pavam.”

Wife: “How was your day?”
Me: “Terrible, I slipped as I got down from the train.”
Wife: “Oh no, are you ok?”
Me: “Yeah, that was OK, but as I slipped, my jeans got caught on the door and ripped right off. I was sprawled on the platform floor and everyone could see my chuddies :(”
Wife: “Oh you are so pavam.”

So basically someone is said to be pavam if something unfortunate happens to them or they are particularly submissive or they are in a sticky situation that they can’t get out of.

5. Chumma – to do something simply for the sake of it

chumma to hangout or do something

This is another Tamil word doesn’t have any direct single word translation. It can mean anything from passing time (phrased as “time-pass” in India) to doing something without a particular reason for doing it.

Wife: “What are you doing?”
Me: “Reading about the 19th century Klondike gold rush.”
Wife: “Why?”
Me: “Chumma.”

Me: “How come you decided to visit the library today then?”
Wife: “Chumma, was bored sitting at home all day. I wanted to go out somewhere.”

When I first started at Unmetric in 2012, we were such a young company that we didn’t even have official ID cards yet which was a problem because security at the IT park wouldn’t allow us to enter. To get around this, the young Director of Operations designed an ID card on powerpoint for the five employees, printed it out and had it laminated.

CEO: “This is awesome, man, it looks completely professional.”
V: “Thanks, I had no problem using it at the security gate so we don’t have to queue up for security passes now.”
CEO: “Excellent. What does this bar code on the front do?”
V: “Nothing, chumma I just added it because it looks good.”

Sometimes a word in one Indian language can mean something else entirely in another and that can lead to a series of unfortunate events. In this case, chumma in Hindi means something else, as a Tamil speaking female colleague discovered to her horror while having a conversation with a Hindi speaking male colleague who was coming to Chennai.

He: “Is there anything to do in Chennai? Can we do something?”
She: “No, there isn’t much to do here, we can just chumma hangout.”
H: “You want to chumma with me when I come?”
S: “Yeah. There’s not much to do here.”
H: “Erm, I’m married!”
S: “I know.”
H: “Oh, maybe you don’t know what chumma means.”
S: “Why what does it mean in Hindi.”
H: “To kiss, you were asking to kiss me when I came to the office.”

Naturally my colleague was mortified and was, to borrow a phrase I mentioned earlier, totally pavam. Fortunately we have a very understanding HR manager who can speak both Hindi and Tamil and understood the confusion and luckily no harassment cases were filed.

6. Bachha – a young child

bachha young child

This Hindi word means young child. Imagine if you walked into a day care center, it will be full of bachhas. When there is a table tennis tournament going on in my office, some might say that the office sounds like it’s full of bachhas. You can also use the word to affectionately describe a group of people younger than you, but who are not children.

Colleague: “Sorry, Pete, you are so old that we couldn’t fit enough candles on your cake!”
Colleague 2: “Yeah, we asked them to make the cake as soft as possible so you don’t have to chew too much.”
Me: “Listen you little bachhas, I will make you work on the weekend.”

Wife: “Are you going out again to the pub this weekend?”
Me: “Yeah, of course, Man United are playing!”
Wife: “And you’re probably going to drink too much and complain about a hangover the next morning?”
Me: “Maybe.”
Wife: “Bachhas, all of you men!”

7. Kutty – the smallest thing

kutty is something very small

Kutty is the Tamil word for small. Often kutty is also used as an adjective to describe things or people deemed to be your junior. It goes a little something like this:

Wife: “How was your day at work?”
Me: “It was alright.”
Wife: “How are all your kutties?”
Me: “Yeah, they are fine.”

Or perhaps a conversation might go like this:

Colleague: “There is so much work to do, I’m never going to meet all these deadlines!”
Me: “Do you need a kutty to help you out?”
Colleague: “Yes, that would be awesome!”
Me: “OK, go to the colleges and see if you can find yourself an intern.”

8. Theek Hai Ma – Means OK when you are speaking to your Mother

theek hai ma for when you speak to your mother

I don’t know if this phrase should be added to the English language, but it certainly seems to get used an awful lot when my wife speaks to her mother. If you overhear a grown Tamil person speaking to their mother, you might hear the phrase “seri ma” in place of “theek hai ma”. How does it get used? It goes a little something like this…

Mother: “And you need to send a birthday card to your aunt in Bangalore.”
Daughter: “Theek hai ma.”
Mother: “And don’t forget to wish your cousin-sister happy anniversary tomorrow.”
Daughter: “Theek hai ma.”
Mother: “And your father and I will be out of town this weekend, so make sure your brother is ok.”
Daughter: “Theek hai ma.”
Mother: “And you should really speak to him more, he looks up to you.”
Daughter: “Ma! Theek hai ma.”
Mother: “Listen, I want no more of this theek hai ma business!”
Daughter: “…theek hai ma.”
Mother: “Good, now remember that next week I’m coming over with your uncle and Grandparents.”
Daughter: “Theek hai ma.”
Mother: “I’m going to bring roti and subji so you don’t have to cook anything but have some chai ready when we arrive.”
Daughter: “Theek hai ma.”
Mother: “We’ll be there about 1pm.”
Daughter: “Theek hai ma.”
Mother: “And don’t wear your jeans and an old t-shirt, wear that nice green salwar kameez you wore at Diwali.”
Daughter: “Theek hai ma.”
Mother: “And wear some jewellery, you never wear any.”
Daughter: “Theek hai ma.”
Mother: “I’m not asking you to wear everything, just some gold ear rings, necklace and bracelet.”
Daughter: “Theek hai ma.”
Mother: “Are you listening to me?”
Daughter: “Theek hai…yes ma.”

There are plenty of other words and phrases that I’ve borrowed over the years that have become a standard part of my vocabulary. I’m sure many of my old English friends will be utterly confused when I next talk about how a person is “putting scene” or when I start adding “it seems” after every sarcastic comment.

There are also a few words that the English language has borrowed from Indian languages that need to be unborrowed. Consider you are in an Indian restaurant. You’re going through the menu and to go with your curry you ask the waiter for some “naan bread“. Do you know what you’ve just asked for? Bread bread. Naan means bread. How about when you go to Starbucks and order yourself a lovely “chai tea“. Congratulations, you’ve just ordered tea tea! Chai means tea in Hindi. There are a few others, but perhaps I’ll save that for another blog post.

Do you have any favourite words from Indian languages that you think should be added to the English language?

50 (ish) Things I Learned After Demonetisation

It’s been 50 days since Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi appeared on TV and gave the nation a collective heart attack. Demonetisation took out 86% of the cash value from circulation. Imagine that. All the money you had at home turned into worthless paper until you went to a bank and deposited it all, declaring everything you have to the income tax department. Since then, exactly zero rioting has broken out and the political opposition is still figuring out how it feels about this whole thing.

I, on the other hand, have experienced many highs and lows from demonetisation. Here’s 50 (ish) things that I have learned since 8th November.

1. Not everything circulated on Whatsapp groups is a baseless rumour

Oh I get so mad when people forward stupid rumours and conspiracy theories on Whatsapp. They don’t bother taking a quick moment to consider whether what they are forwarding is true or even do a quick Google search to see if any respectable media outlet has reported the ‘news’ that’s been forwarded.

Imagine my surprise when I found out that it was real and happening (and the humble pie I had to eat having first berating people for sharing such nonsense).

2. News spreads fast, like, seriously fast

Whatsapp aunties and uncles1 as I like to call them – you know the ones, they know a friend who has a cleaner who has a brother who works as a driver for the secretary of a politician in that party and they have it from the source that she was poisoned! It’s all a conspiracy.

Well, this Whatsapp aunty and uncle network wasted no time disseminating the news far and wide to the 300 groups they are a part of. We were eating in a restaurant at the time the announcement was made and within minutes things turned to a hushed silence as the news reached each table.

1 Aunties and uncles generally means someone middle aged in India – or anyone who is significantly elder to you.

3. Jewellery shops don’t always stay open ’till gone midnight, but when they do, you can be sure that it’s because of demonetisation

Had you visited T-Nagar or Cathedral Road in Chennai at midnight on the day of the demonetisation announcement, you could be forgiven for thinking it was peak Diwali time. Crowds were thronging the stores to buy gold with their soon to be worthless notes. You can’t buy much with gold, but one Government sure as hell can’t declare it to have no value overnight.

4. I really miss those 500 rupee notes

Before demonetisation it was really annoying when you withdrew 500 rupees from an ATM and you got a single note. Now I long for those happy, carefree times because the auto driver, restaurant or shop is more likely to have change for a 500 than a 2,000 note.

5. It’s all about a war on black money2

These scoundrels hoarding all their ill gotten money are sucking the liquidity out of the money system, we were told. And in addition are denying the Government its due in the form of taxes. Demonetising all this cash saved under mattresses across the nation is going to strike a fatal blow to all those horrible, corrupt, anti-national people.

2 Black money in India means money that has been paid but not declared to the tax department so you don’t have to give away part of it to the taxman.

6. And a war on terrorists (haha, take that, bitches!)

And all these terror attacks are being funded by state sponsors who are printing large amounts of fake notes. Militancy is being funded by all these fake notes so it’s also a surgical strike against this nefarious activity. Except the terror attacks haven’t quite stopped and freshly minted 2,000 rupee notes have been found on the bodies of dead terrorists. Bugger.

7. And there’s going to be a massive cash dividend for the Government

With all these black money hoarders unable to deposit their money without drawing the attention of the taxman, tens of millions of rupees that have been printed would be wiped from the balance sheet. This difference between what was printed and what is now back in the banking system will result in a huge dividend payment that the Government can use for the betterment of the nation.

8. Or maybe there won’t be any dividend after all

As the value of currency being deposited reached 90% of the total value that was thought to be in circulation, it was clear that people with black money had found loopholes to deposit their cash. Or, what’s more likely, they had already converted their cash into assets such as gold and property. As the total amount of money being deposited approached the amount that was in circulation the RBI has quietly stopped reporting these numbers as it hurts the original narrative of black money being the reason for demonetisation and it’s clear that corrupt officials and business owners have not been adversely affected.

There is another explanation of course: People who hoard black cash eventually return it to the economy by way of grossly opulent weddings costing millions of dollars.

Oh, and as almost all the money in circulation has been returned, the opportunity for a dividend bonanza has been significantly reduced.

9. Hmm, actually it’s more about a drive to get the nation to go cashless

Now, demonetisation is an opportunity for the country, where just 5% of transactions are cashless, to go cashless. It’s a very noble aim because even Bill Gates said so. Others haven’t been quite as forthcoming with their praise though, with Forbes calling it sickening and immoral.

10. Wait, give us a minute, we’re still trying to figure out the narrative for demonetisation

As the Government is criticised for forcing people to adopt cashless payments, it has been struggling in recent weeks to keep up the new narrative of why demonetisation was ordered and what it hopes to achieve.

11. Indian people have had a lifetime of bending the inflexible rules of byzantine bureaucracy, your demonetisation rules hold no fear for them

Seriously? India is where it is despite everything successive Governments have done. Where the Government has fallen short on most areas, the enterprising people of the country have navigated rules, licenses, processes and corruption with aplomb and built a nation that could soon boast one of the largest economies of the world. Indeed, even journalists are able to come up with a dozen ways to convert your old black money in to white money – the industrialists and bureaucrats of India are far more scheming than this and can probably add three dozen more ways to convert their money.

Even in Tamil Nadu, there are unconfirmed rumours that colleges across the state were paying salaries in cash several months in advance. Other businesses that had business on books from before demonetisation suddenly received all their dues, paid in cash, in demonetised notes.

12. Modi is loved beyond human comprehension

People talk about what Trump could possibly say to cause outrage that would politically hurt him. Those people should take a look at Modi. How else can one man cause so much misery, inconvenience and heartache and remain the most popular politician in the world. It would appear that as a politician, if whatever you do or say is as bold, brazen, counter-intuitive or audacious as possible, people will be so confused or stumped that they simply stand back and wait for someone else to point out the terrifying implications of what has been said or done.

13. The political opposition in India is about as effective as a jelly hammer

RaGa was handed this initiative on a silver platter and what came of it? A nationwide bandh that he couldn’t even get his Mom to attend. Has there ever been such an ineffective, impotent opposition leader? It would be better if he turned that sabbatical in Thailand into a permanent move. Ouch.

14. India really, really loves its cash

As noted earlier, according to one bank in India, 95% of all transactions are done in cash. Compare that to the UK where less than half of all payments are now done in cash.

15. My watchman doesn’t have a bank account

On the day of demonetisation, we told the watchman that he couldn’t spend 500s or 1,000s any more. He got really worried because he had secretly saved a few thousand rupees at home and didn’t have a bank account to deposit those notes. Nor did he have any ID on him to take the notes to a bank or post office to get them exchanged for new ones. His ID was in his home town, hundreds of kilometers away and since he couldn’t spend his savings, he couldn’t afford a bus ticket home to get his money. Furthermore, he didn’t trust his son to deposit the cash in his bank account because he said he would spend it all on alcohol.

It was a very worrying time for my watchman as he didn’t know what to do with all his cash savings.

16. No one is sadder than my Uber driver who has yet another customer paying by PayTM

Before demonetisation, Uber drivers never asked about the payment method – they were happy with PayTM payments. (Ola drivers on the other hand almost always insisted on cash payments because it seems Ola isn’t quite as efficient at transferring earnings as Uber is). After November 8th, the first question the Uber driver would ask was if I was paying by cash.

One Uber driver was so sad because he had done four trips before he picked me up and everyone paid by PayTM. He now had no money to buy lunch and didn’t have a debit card with his bank account so couldn’t fill up with more diesel to continue working. I was going to be his last passenger for the day and he couldn’t earn his trip bonus.

17. My mother-in-law rarely used her debit card until demonetisation

I guess like most people of her age, the standard practice was to withdraw the cash you needed for the month and use that for every day expenses. The debit card was only used at the bank branch to withdraw cash, not to make payments. She’s had to get over her fear of having her card details stolen and use the card for all her transactions.

18. My colleague always paid for her Ola cab in cash before demonetisation

“Why are you still paying for you Ola taxi with cash?” I asked my colleague who had spent the last five minutes negotiating with her driver about how much change she had and how much she would be willing to accept from him.
“Because it’s easier than PayTM, I don’t have to keep topping up my account.” She replied, still not happy that she had paid 20 rupees over the meter because the driver didn’t have the correct change to give her.

Today, she reluctantly tops up her PayTM account every few weeks, pays the exact fare and gets out of the taxi without a second thought of paying. “It’s the worst!” She declares.

19. Friends and family visiting India were turned into money mules

“Do you know anyone going to India?” Asked every NRI and OCI Indian person living outside of India. Around the world, 500 and 1,000 rupee notes were found and people travelling to India were identified. These people were turned into money mules, transporting worthless notes to be deposited in banks by friends and family. Even my own family sent back several thousand rupees in old notes that they had accumulated from all their trips here.

20. The small vegetable shop owner from next door became our BFF after we gave him 700 rupees in coins

Somehow I had accumulated over 700 rupees in coins over the last nine years. Without a Coin Star machine to deposit the coins and with bank queues taking forever, I didn’t have much choice but to hold on to them. But wait! The vegetable shop guy virtually got down on his knees and begged us to give him the coins. We gave him the coins, he gave us the cash.

21. Turns out our vegetable shop guy also trusts us more than our watchman trusts his son

Since we were only getting one 2,000 rupee note from the ATM and the vegetable shop owner was fast running out of cash (except the coins), he agreed to give us 2,000 rupees of credit. He didn’t keep a ledger or anything, he trusted us to keep track of how much we had spent and had no problem not knowing how much was left from the 2,000 rupees. What a guy!

22. The richest man in the room is the man with 100 rupees in his wallet

You might have all the 2,000 rupee notes in the world which is great for buying items worth thousands of rupees but not great for everyday needs. If you want to buy something for 100 rupees, no one has any change for a 2,000, so if you have 100 rupees in your wallet, you are sorted because you can actually spend your cash.

23. Standard Chartered is the best and worst bank for demonetisation

About two weeks after demonetisation, I rocked up to Standard Chartered Bank to deposit my old notes. I had seen the size of the queues outside state run banks and heard the bizarre rules about depositing notes such as writing out each and every serial number of the bank notes you were depositing. I braced myself as I entered the bank…and found there to be more staff than customers. I filled out a single form and went straight to the kiosk to exchange my notes. No fuss. In and out. It clearly pays to bank with an obscure, private bank in India.

Standard Chartered are also the worst because the other day I wanted to withdraw some cash. As last time there was no queue. The conversation sort of went like this:

Me: Good day! I would like to withdraw some of my cash, please
Bank: Certainly, just write a cheque out to yourself
Me: This isn’t the 1980s, I don’t have a cheque book, can you give me a withdrawal slip that I can fill out?
Bank: No, we removed all the withdrawal slips
Me: Then how am I supposed to withdraw my money?
Bank: Just write a cheque out to yourself for the amount you want to withdraw
Me: But I don’t have a cheque book, I’ve never needed to write a cheque in nine years
Bank: You can just apply for a cheque book and it will take four business days to reach you
Me: But I need the cash now, are you saying that you won’t let me access my money?
Bank: You can use the ATM to withdraw some money
Me: Your ATM has run out of cash and it will only give me 2,000 rupees per day
Bank: Better that you apply for a cheque book then
Me: So you’re holding my money hostage and using an antiquated banking system. Is that what Standard Chartered is, an antiquated bank that refuses to let its customers access its cash?
Bank: *frozen smile*

24. I found out what it feels like to receive a freshly minted brick of notes – even if those notes are just 20 rupees each

When I made the first deposit and exchanged my notes, the bank had run out of 2,000 rupee notes and the new 500 rupee notes were a mythical creature talked about in hushed tones. Instead they gave me a brick of 20 rupee notes. I don’t think I’ve ever seen so many twenties before. One great thing about this is that we had immediate liquidity to buy all our daily needs.

brick of 20 rupee notes

25. Suddenly, having all those salary bank accounts has come in handy for withdrawing money

When the RBI enforced the 2,000 rupee per day withdrawal rule from ATMs, you might think that was an inconvenience – and it was. However, for the salaried man (and lady) in India who has jumped six jobs in the last five years, all those switches were an opportunity to open new salary accounts with different banks. This person now had six debit cards from six different banks and so was able to withdraw plenty of cash.

26. Across India, men were shocked to find out how much money their wives had been keeping from them

This was the most amusing and most alarming story to come out of demonetisation for me. Across India, wives would squirrel away the cash from the monthly allowance their husbands gave to them to run the household. The money would be saved for a rainy day or maybe as insurance. Since these women didn’t have bank accounts, they were forced to come clean to their husbands. Said husbands were delighted at this cash bonanza but might never trust their wives with the money again.

27. Finding the odd 500 rupee note in the bottom of a drawer brings both happiness and depression

Happy that you just found more money. But then you have to weigh up whether it’s worth travelling all the way to the bank to stand in line for three hours to deposit it. If it’s just one 500 rupee note, is it really worth it?

28. Money wallet companies had a gigantic, collective orgasm on the evening of Modi’s speech

PayTM, Freecharge and other money wallets couldn’t hide their joy as demonetisation suddenly meant their entire business was endorsed by the Government of India. PayTM even took a leaf out of Jio’s marketing playbook and wasted no time in running full page ads with Modi’s image saluting him for basically endorsing their company.

29. PayTM can’t handle a demonetised economy

The joy was short lived though as their servers crashed as people tried to signup and use their service. Oops.

30. Despite there being no cash, wealthy politicians can still host India’s most expensive wedding of the year

So how do you pay wedding vendors $73.5 million when traditionally they only run on cash? It helps to be an influential industrialist that invites the bigwigs of politics to your daughter’s wedding. On a related note, see how five billion rupees are injected back into the economy.

31. Small businesses can’t get hold of PoS machines fast enough

So many small businesses were able to offer their products and services 30% cheaper than larger businesses because they only accepted cash – and since you technically only pay tax on the income you declare, you save 30% on costs. Now, with no one having any cash to spend, many small businesses like tailors and salons are struggling because their customers don’t have any cash and they can’t accept cards because there’s a two month waiting list to get a card machine. On a related note, as more customers pay by card, expect costs at these salons and tailors to rise by about, hmm, say 30%?

32. The Sangeetha restaurant near our house always has change for 2,000 rupees

Need change for a 2,000 rupee note? Frequent the establishments that are frequented by the working class. Never were we refused service because we only had a 2,000 rupee note to pay for a meal worth 150 rupees.

33. The cashless economy doesn’t work in a cyclone

When Cyclone Vardah struck Chennai, the last thing people thought was: OMG, how will I pay for my Uber? Well that soon became a reality because the internet died everywhere, 3G/4G networks were completely down and if your PayTM balance had run out you were virtually stranded in your home. With no cash available in the city, ATMs unable to dispense cash because they couldn’t connect to a network and card machines not working for the same reason, it was a tough week for Chennaites and a damning reminder that perhaps the infrastructure isn’t ready for a cashless economy yet.

34. Demonetisation seriously flummoxed tourists arriving in India with their worthless rupees

Ah, tourists. The well-to-do, organised tourist would have purchased their rupees in advance and received it in nice crisp 500 and 1,000 rupee notes. Their contented happiness was taken from them by Modi on 8th November with demonetisation as hundreds of thousands of people arrived in the country to discover the notes that they had in their wallet could no longer be used.

The currency exchangers at the airports wasted no time in refusing to accept demonetised notes so many tourists were left in limbo – some even had to beg on the streets to get money to go home!

35. Multi-national consumer brands still function entirely on cash

It says a lot about a country’s dependence on cash when even the multi-national companies from advanced economies still rely on cash to conduct business. Our LG washing machine stopped working and we were told by the LG customer support team that they’d send a technician out to replace the motor, but they could only accept payment in cash. All this talk of a cashless economy is in words only, especially when multi-national consumer product companies rely on cash to operate.

36. In a new cashless world, one of India’s largest public organisations still doesn’t accept debit or credit cards

Let’s send gifts from India to my family for Christmas, we thought. It was a good idea. We went cashless with the Uber car to the mall and went cashless when paying for the gifts. Private companies are all about going cashless.

The Government has extolled the virtues of going cashless and indeed the latest narrative is that demonetisation is about nudging people to be more cashless.

Our downfall came when we tried to ship our cards and gifts abroad. We turned up at the main post office in T-Nagar which handles thousands of packages every week. “That’ll be 3,550 rupees.” the post office lady informed us. I handed over my debit card. “No sir, cash only, we don’t accept cards.”

Are you kidding me? All this talk of the cashless economy and one of the largest government organisations in India only accepts cash? This is the challenge that India faces and flies in the face of the story that demonetisation is about getting India to a cashless economy.

37. The embassies of foreign countries got really upset that they could no longer access their money

Apparently it goes against the Vienna Convention to prevent foreign embassies from accessing their cash. Diplomats in New Delhi made this very clear with formal protests and the Government had to make one rule for the general public and one rule for foreign diplomats – namely that they could have unfettered access to their money while the general public could not.

38. The new note has been really badly designed – apparently

Not my opinion, but it seems that designers are outraging against such bad design.

39. During demonetisation, your best friend is your bank manager

See point 11. As mere mortals like you and I stood stoically in never ending queues at the banks and ATMs to withdraw a measly 2,000 rupees, shady businessmen, politicians and bureaucrats were working with bank managers across the country to convert huge amounts of cash.

From 8th November to date, the IT department has seized over 30 billion rupees in unaccounted wealth from cars and properties across the country. About 860 million rupees were in brand new notes. How are these people able to get their hands on so much new money? With the help of bank managers and RBI officials. Corruption runs deep when there is a rupee or two to be made.

40. Retail bank employees now work longer hours than investment bankers

Banks in India, especially the public sector ones, have had it easy. Relaxed working hours, finish up by 4pm and barely any accountability. Now, those bankers are working long hours, seven days a week – moreso than their counterparts in the investment banking industry.

41. Kerala has the best queuing system in the world

Because who wants to stand in the sun outside all day. Keralites place stones (or sandals) to mark their place in the queue and then go and sit down in the shade until it’s their turn. Genius!

42. I could turn up to work to late and blame it on the bank queues

If my boss is reading this, I really did need to go to the bank three times each week…

43. Currency note collectors with more than 10 demonetised notes will be considered criminals by the Indian Government

My Facebook newsfeed flooded with people requesting old notes with specific serial numbers like 69696969. Now though, the Indian government has made it illegal to keep more than 10 demonetised notes after 31st March. Does this mean they are making criminals out of simple collectors?

44. No one earned their salary more than the poor RBI press officer who had to explain yet another rule change to the media

According to Bloomberg, the RBI issued 19 clarifications and rule changes between 8th November and 19th December – about one announcement every couple of days. Never before has the RBI issued so many notices.

45. When you finally find an ATM which has money, only to find out it’s only dispensing 2,000 rupee notes you move on without withdrawing any money

Your 2,000 rupee note means nothing to me. Nothing! I can’t spend it, so why bother?

46. After years of neglect, cheques suddenly became fashionable again

Across the country, parents were teaching their millennial children what cheques are used for and how to use them.

47. Business owners that ran on cash only spontaneously reconnected with distant relatives as they looked to bank their wealth

The thinking process of the business owner with hoards of untaxed cash in their home goes like this: The Government has said they won’t investigate any cash deposit under 250,000 rupees. I have 20 million rupees, I need to find 80 relatives who’ll deposit my cash. 80 relatives in India is about how many people might turn up for a normal weekend get-together.

48. To forge the new 2,000 rupee note all you need is some balls and a colour xerox machine

It takes balls and a certain lack of imagination that you might get away with photocopying 2,000 rupee notes. Yet, that hasn’t stopped dozens of enterprising men across the country looking at the colourful pink note in their hand and the colour xerox machine in their office, and announcing to their best friends that they have a foolproof idea. Worryingly, many got away with it until they were caught by the police!

49. At the time of demonetisation, half the population still doesn’t have a debit card

According to RBIs own statistics, as of August 2016, there were 712 million debit cards in circulation in India. Assuming that there are many people like me who own more than one debit card, that means around half the population (and apparently 100% of Uber drivers who still pay for petrol/diesel in cash) don’t have the means to go cashless and rely on cash to make all their purchases.

50. No one is more ‘pavam’3 than the housekeeping lady who withdrew her entire life savings from the bank to pay for her daughter’s wedding on the day demonetisation was announced.

This was so sad. The housekeeping lady was so excited for her daughter’s wedding. She withdrew her entire savings to pay for the jewellery, caterers, venue etc – all of whom only accept cash. The day she withdrew the cash was 8th November so she was left holding nearly 100,000 rupees of currency that no one would accept and the only thing she could do was go back to the bank, deposit it. ATMs would only let her withdraw 2,000 rupees per day and bank withdrawals were limited to 24,000 rupees in total.

3 Pavam is a Tamil word which means you feel sorry for the person. Imagine it’s raining and you see a person at the side of the road get splashed by a bus passing by. You would say that person is pavam.

51. 50 days after Modi pleaded with the nation to give him 50 days to get things back to normal, there are still queues snaking their way out of the public sector banks, ATMs are still empty and I still haven’t been able to spend this 2,000 rupee note that I’ve had in my wallet since 13th November because no one has any change.

52. I earlier said 50 things I learned after demonetisation, but by now we’re all used to past statements, policies and rules being arbitrarily changed. This list is now 55 things I learned after demonetisation.

Haha, suckers!

53. Airports would only exchange 4,000 rupees for foreigners despite the actual limit being 5,000 because they only had 2,000 rupee notes.

As told to me by a friend arriving in Chennai from London without any rupees on him. He got two 2,000 rupee notes but the taxis at the airport wouldn’t accept it because they didn’t have change!

54. Bollywood found one more excuse as to why its movies keep flopping

It’s not that the movies are bad, of course, it’s because demonetisation meant no one could pay for movie tickets and that is totally why the Bollywood movies flopped. Except Amir Khan’s Dangal. Because he is awesome and people will spend their last 100 rupees to watch his movie.

55. New rule change. This list is now 57 things I learned after demonetisation. Any rules you read after this may or may not have anything to do with demonetisation.

56. The new 500 rupee note is like a Tiger. Talked about, known to exist in the wild, but seldom seen by anyone who’s not a bank manager.

Have you even seen one?

57. The ATM withdrawal restrictions even apply when you travel abroad

I went to New York in December, I wrote about it. I owed my boss $100 but because of the currency exchange rules in India, I didn’t have $100 in cash. No problem, I’ll withdraw it from an ATM in New York. Nope. The ATM withdrawal restrictions even apply on ATMs in other countries. I could only withdraw $20 from the ATM.


OK, enough. Did I miss anything? Did you learn anything from 50 days of demonetisation? Put them in the comments below!

How JFK Airport Saved My Christmas

“Honey,” I said, in what I hoped was my best loving husband voice, “something happened in New York that I need to tell you about. You are going to find out sooner or later so it’s best if you heard it from me.” It was perhaps also my guilty voice. My wife’s face, which up until that point had been blissfully happy that her husband had returned from his trip, was instantly a conflict of emotions. Was it something good, was it something bad, was I about to confess something that would test the very fabric of our marriage? It was quite possibly all those things.

Ask my office manager to describe me in so many words and the adjective “absent-minded” might be mentioned. Naturally, I bristle at the idea that I’m a forgetful person. However, she would point out the times I lost my company ID card (twice), left my ID card in the food court, left my intern in the office without telling her that we were all going out for lunch, left my phone back in the office (several times), and once, to my horror, misplaced the corporate credit card (it later turned up several months later at the bottom of my desk draw).

My wife might agree with my office manager. Every trip we go on, her every second question is “have you got your passport?” Puh-lease! Like I am ever going to lose such an important document. What am I, five years old?

Last week I was travelling to New York on business. I took an excellent flight with Air India which went via Delhi. If you’re able to sleep on planes it’s the perfect flight because it leaves Delhi at 1am, heads North-North West over China, Russia, Norway, Iceland, Greenland and then down the coast of Canada and America. The flight is dark the entire way, almost until you reach New York at 6am. I am not one of those that can sleep on a plane. Sitting in a plane for me is the equivalent of 5 mugs of coffee washed down with equal amounts of Red Bull.

I reached JFK airport in a zombified state, barely cognizant enough to coherently answer the immigration officer’s questions. I collected my baggage, handed over my passport to the customs officer and was told that congratulations, I had been randomly selected for a physical bag search. I think it was the hoodie that I was wearing. Or maybe my sunken, red eyes made me look like I was on something not quite legal.

I was pulled aside and asked if I was responsible for everything in the suitcase. I was. Then, in full view of all the other passengers, my suitcase was opened and the customs officer pulled out every piece of clothing I had neatly packed, including my Star Wars pyjamas. I had carefully folded all my t-shirts and shirts to take up minimal space but the officer diligently unfolded everything. After satisfying himself that I didn’t have anything illegal in my bag, he thanked me and told me that I could pack up and move along – and to not forget to put on the hat and gloves that he had pulled out from the top pocket because it was cold outside. I mumbled my thanks as well (why?! Why did I say thank you to this person for checking my bags?!), and he moved on to the next randomly selected person.

I didn’t bother neatly folding everything this time, I just stuffed it all in my bag and crossed my fingers that the driver had come to pick me up like my boss said he would. I walked out to arrivals and the driver was there waiting for me. Score.

Exhausted, I got in the back of the car and fell asleep for the two hours it took to get to the place I was staying. I then stumbled through the front door and continued to sleep for another six hours, such was my tiredness.

I enjoyed my stay immensely in the few days that I was in New Jersey. The place is dotted with quaint English-like towns and it’s all very beautiful.

A few days later I headed, with the rest of the senior management team, to New York City. We were all staying in a hotel close to our main office in the Financial District of Manhattan. When we arrived at the hotel, a Hampton Inn, we all jumped out and one by one checked in. When it was my turn I opened up my passport wallet to pull out my passport but discovered that it wasn’t there.

How odd.

I rummaged through my backpack, apologising to the front office staff and to those behind me waiting to check in. “No problem,” the staff member told me, if I had another Government issued photo ID, I could use that. I did. I whipped out my newly minted Overseas Citizen of India card (the irony of which is not lost on me given that I’m not Indian nor am I overseas because I live in India), handed it over and crouched down to continue rummaging in my bag. At the back of my mind my wife’s voice came to me, “Do you know where your passport is?” Of course I knew, it would be in my bag somewhere. It was clearly just buried down a pocket or side seam or something. Somewhere above my head, the front office staff member was trying to get my attention.

“Sir, there’s no reservation under this name.”
“What?” I asked, looking up from my bag, “Impossible, I’ve got the receipt just here.” I opened up my passport wallet again – which with the exception of my erstwhile passport, contained all my important pieces of paper. I pulled out the reservation receipt for the Hampton Inn, handed it over and the guy read through it.
“Actually, sir, this reservation is not for this hotel, it’s for another Hampton Inn.”
Blood freeze. My list of worries right now had just doubled and this right at the top. “Huh? This is the Hampton Inn on Pearl Street?”
“Yes, it’s one of the Hampton Inns on Pearl Street. This is 32 Pearl Street and you booked the Hampton Inn on 320 Pearl Street – it’s a 20 minute walk back down the road.”

In addition to my wife’s voice in the back of my head demanding to know where my passport was, another voice appeared. It was my office manager. She was informing me that she would kill me for not double checking which hotel I was supposed to be checking in to.

It’s never great to tell your boss that you’ve made a mistake. It’s even less great to tell him you may have made two mistakes. Imagine how I felt telling him, in front of the entire senior management of the company that I had not only lost temporarily misplaced my passport, I had also booked into a different hotel to everyone else in the group.

“Err, I’ve got some news…” I started off.

To everyone’s credit, the first words out of their mouth were not: “You total ducking moron.” But I certainly felt like one. I couldn’t be the guy who lost his passport on this business trip. I’d never hear the end of it, from my office manager and my wife. I thought hard. I remembered handing over my passport to the US Customs officer because he got a bit annoyed with me for taking so long to hand it over. What I couldn’t remember was ever getting it back. I was so zoned out after more than 24 hours without sleep and focused on putting all my underwear back in my suitcase that now I just couldn’t recall ever getting my passport back.

“I think,” I announced to the group, “I left it with the customs officer at JFK.”

lost passport meme

While everyone else finished checking in, I continued searching through my backpack and suitcase for my passport, but it wasn’t there. We made our way to the office where my CEO had the presence of mind to tweet out to JFK while I rang up the British consulate in New York.

There was a lovely lady on the other end who explained that it wasn’t a problem, I could just toddle along to the consulate in the morning and get myself an emergency travel document back to England.

“England?” I asked, “But I live in India and need to get back there to my wife.”
“Oh, that might be a bit of a problem, you’ll need to check with the consulate staff if you can use that document to travel to India, otherwise you need to come back to the UK and apply for a new passport from there.”

Oh bugger.

I looked around the office and everyone was staring at me.

“Peter, you’ve gone terribly white, is everything OK?”

It wasn’t. I couldn’t imagine calling up my wife to say that I wouldn’t be home for Christmas because I had been a bit silly while in New York.

I opened my mouth to say something, but all that came out was a kind of croaking sound. “Aaaaa.”

“Peter, what did the consulate say?”

I pulled myself together a bit, “It’s not a problem per-se, I have to go to the consulate in the morning and get an emergency travel document, but I might have to go back to England first to get a new passport. I have to check on the internet to see if India will let me in on that document. I might have to leave my wife home alone over Christmas.”

The room was silent for a second, but it was broken by a chirping noise from a phone. It was JFK airport, replying to my boss’ tweet. “They’ve given us some numbers we can call.” He announced, “I’ll try now.” To their credit, it took JFK’s twitter handle just 16 minutes to reply with a solution to my problem.

He called up the numbers, explained the situation and as is often the case in such matters, got bounced from department to department. Finally, he was on the line with the US Customs office at JFK Terminal 4. Our company office was pin drop silent. Everyone’s focus was on my boss as he explained that his British colleague may have left his passport with a customs officer. Finally he looked up, “They are going to check.” It was a very long few minutes. The only sound in the office was my heart forming a dance track bass line.

I was planning the conversation I was about to have with my wife in my head. The colour still hadn’t returned to my face. I went over everything that I could recall from the time I landed. I was convinced I had given my passport, but I just couldn’t remember taking it back. After an eternity of perhaps four minutes, my boss said “Yes, I’m still here. Uh huh. I see. I understand. Well thank you for helping, I will pass you over to my colleague who lost his passport.” My heart sank a little further.

I took the phone and put it to my ear. “Uhhh.” I said. “Sorry, I mean hi.”
“Hello sir, is your name Peter Duncan Claridge.”
Cough. “Yes, it is.”
“OK, we have your passport at the US Customs office in Terminal Four.”
The relief washed over me. Colour returned to my face and my entire body language changed in that single moment. I still couldn’t quite believe what I was hearing though. “You actually have my passport?”
“Yes, that’s correct”

found passport meme

The conversation went on but it does not matter. My passport was safe and even more importantly I was going home for Christmas. I never had to tell my wife that I nearly abandoned her over the biggest holiday of the year and my office manager would never hold this moment over my head for as long as I lived.

On the day of my departure, I turned up to the US Customs office at Terminal Four arrivals, handed over my ID and they handed it back along with my passport. The whole transaction took just minutes.

In the days that followed the discovery of my passport, I knew I had to concoct a story to explain myself. When I arrived back in Chennai and headed to the office the following day, my office manager caught up with me. “Pete, you didn’t think I’d never find out about what you did? Always losing your things, why are you not more careful, I will kill you if you lose anything like this again.”

I smiled, it was a confident smile. I had had the 18 hour flight back from New York to figure out my story. “Look,” I said, in my kindest voice, “It was not like my passport was ever lost,” I put my hand up to stop her interrupting. “I was merely keeping it safe at the airport until I had to leave. Not many people know that US Customs allows you to deposit your passport when you arrive. I mean, how stressed do people get about where their passport is when they are travelling? This way you don’t have any stress, it’s simple. Hand it over to an armed customs officer, they lock it in a safe in their office and when you are ready to leave, pick it up at the airport and go to your check-in. No hassle, no tension and no worries. Who wouldn’t want to take advantage of this option? It makes total sense, right?”

My office manager looked at me with a quizzical eye. She then punched me on the arm, announced that she will kill me and went to tell my team the whole story. I think she bought it?

However, now you know the true story, the one that I told my wife. It’s a heartfelt thanks to the community manager running the @JFKAirport twitter account who was so quick to respond and gave us the numbers to call. Without Twitter, I may have been in the doghouse for the rest of 2017. Thank you, JFK, for saving my Christmas!

Chennai Expat Guide Launched!

I’m absolutely thrilled to announce that the Chennai Expat Guide book has been launched!

The book is the only guide that expats moving to Chennai need to adjust to life in the city. Based on my own eight years of experience living in the city and filled with the funny stories and anecdotes of over 50 contributing expats it covers every aspect of relocating to Chennai.

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A Most Distinguished Guest

I’m told by my team mates that there are plenty of advantages of being a foreigner in India. For example, they claim that whenever we go out for dinner together, they get better service in restaurants. Now that’s not for me to comment on because I’ve got nothing to compare it against. I’m friendly to waiting staff and they mostly seem to be friendly to me.

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The Uluru Outback Adventure

If someone said to you why not spend nearly a thousand pounds to fly four hours into the middle of a desert to look at a rock, you might politely enquire what medication that person is currently taking.

Incidentally, that’s exactly the reaction I got from my wife when I suggested we forgo a trip the Great Barrier Reef and go to Uluru instead while on our Australia holiday.

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Chennai Rising – What Happened After the Floods

It’s been a couple of weeks since my blog post on what happened before, during and immediately after the Chennai rains. What was meant as an update for family and friends on what was going on (OK, mostly to reassure my Mum, who does worry so), seemed to have captured the attention of Chennaites around the world.

There has been no let up in the relief efforts of people all across Chennai. While now we can say that with a very few exceptions, most people have been rescued from their homes or the water has receded far enough for them to get out, rehabilitation is in full swing.

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As Chennai Sank, Humanity Rose in its Place

I don’t think November and December of 2015 are going to be two months that I forget for the rest of my life. Every year in Chennai, the Northeast Monsoon (NEM) pours rain all over the city. When I first arrived in Chennai in 2008, I remember that like clockwork the rains would come during the night and then clear up by morning. The last few years, the rains have been erratic and last year it was as if the NEM didn’t even happen.

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Where does one go for Christmas in India?

Listen up Internet. Can you help my wife and I? We want to go somewhere for Christmas but we just don’t know where! The only requirement is that it’s in India, we shouldn’t have been there before and there should be some things to do or places to explore.

This will be my fifth year outside of England for Christmas. Last year my wife and I decided to switch things up a little and booked ourselves into the Hilton Colombo. She was working for the Hilton so we got a nice staff rate on the regular price. To top it off, the head chef at Hilton Colombo was British so he laid on the best Christmas dinner I’ve had in a long time.

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How I Tried To Rescue A Puppy But Ended Up In Hospital

Living in Chennai, one is never too far away from an animal of some kind. Whether it’s a street dog or an animal more common to a farm than a city, the city is teeming with local fauna.

Every day, Darwin’s survival of the fittest plays out as disease, competition for food and danger from other animals all look to weed out the weakest.

In particular, the animals tend to be at their most vulnerable when they have a new born litter to look after.

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